Last week I recounted a conversation with Steve, a non-Muslim business owner in the UAE. We discussed how appointing an additional executor in his will who would be specifically responsible for his business may be beneficial. This has generated some questions about who makes a good business executor and what benefits may exist by appointing one. This week I answer these questions. A business executor plays a crucial role in ensuring the continuity and stability of a business following the owner’s death. Here are the key attributes and benefits of appointing a competent business executor:


Attributes of a Business Executor


1. Business Acumen: The executor should possess a deep understanding of the business’s operations, financials, and industry.
2. Leadership Skills: They need to lead the business through a transitional period, making strategic decisions.
3. Trustworthiness: As they will handle sensitive financial matters, they must be reliable and ethical.
4. Communication Skills: Effective communication with employees, stakeholders, creditors, and customers is essential.
5. Problem-Solving Ability: The executor should be adept at resolving disputes and addressing challenges promptly.
6. Legal Knowledge: Familiarity with legal processes related to probate, business law, and estate management is beneficial.


Benefits of a Business Executor


1. Continuity: Ensures the business continues to operate smoothly, maintaining stability for employees and stakeholders.
2. Debt Management: Handles the settlement of debts and financial obligations, protecting the business’s reputation.
3. Customer Assurance: Provides reassurance to customers that the business will honour commitments and contracts.
4. Family Security: Facilitates the fair distribution of business assets, securing financial stability for the family.
5. Efficiency: Expedites the probate process, minimising delays and legal complications.
6. Expert Decision-Making: Makes informed decisions that align with the deceased owner’s vision and business goals.


Responsibilities and Role of a Business Executor


The business executor has a broad range of responsibilities that are pivotal to the seamless transition and management of the business. Here are their primary duties:


Managing Business Operations

– Overseeing Daily Operations: Ensuring that the business continues to run smoothly by managing day-to-day activities.
– Maintaining Employee Morale: Providing leadership and support to employees during the transition period.
– Executing Business Strategy: Implementing the deceased owner’s strategic plans to ensure business growth and stability.


Financial Management

– Settling Debts: Paying off any outstanding debts and obligations to creditors.
– Managing Accounts: Overseeing financial accounts, ensuring bills are paid, and income is managed effectively.
– Handling Taxes: Filing necessary tax returns and managing any tax liabilities of the business.


Legal Responsibilities

– Probate Process: Navigating the probate process, ensuring all legal requirements are met.
– Asset Distribution: Distributing business assets according to the will or trust agreements.
– Compliance: Ensuring the business complies with all legal and regulatory requirements.


 Communication and Coordination

– Stakeholder Liaison: Communicating with stakeholders, including employees, partners, creditors, and customers, to keep them informed and reassured.
– Family Liaison: Keeping the deceased owner’s family informed about the business’s status and decisions being made.
– Conflict Resolution: Addressing and resolving any disputes that may arise among stakeholders or within the family.


Strategic Decisions

– Business Sale or Continuation: Deciding whether to sell the business, transfer ownership, or continue operations based on the best interests of the heirs and the business’s future prospects.
– Asset Valuation: Assessing and valuing the business assets to ensure fair distribution and accurate financial reporting.
– Succession Planning: Implementing succession plans, if any, or devising new plans to ensure the business’s long-term success.


By appointing a skilled business executor, a business owner can ensure that their enterprise continues to thrive and that all stakeholders are treated fairly and responsibly during a challenging time. This proactive step not only secures the future of the business but also provides peace of mind for the owner and their loved ones.